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As most people know, a daily aspirin can help reduce the danger of a heart attack. According to urologist Des Moines Dr. Fawad Zafar, your heart isn’t the only part of your body that may benefit from a dose of the drug: Aspirin significantly reduces men’s risk of prostate cancer, as outlined in a new study issued by Duke University.

The 6,400 men, none of whom had prostate cancer at the beginning of the research, were part of the trial, a study designed to test whether a drug for enlarged prostate – dutasteride – reduces the risk of prostate cancer.


Duke University researchers opted to ask a second question: How did the men’s intake of aspirin affect their odds of a prostate cancer diagnosis?

Their interest was generated because of a previously observed phenomenon: Taking anti-inflammatory meds like aspirin can lower men’s levels of prostate-specific antigen, which, if elevated, is considered a marker for prostate cancer.

Half of the men in the study were taking aspirin, another non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID), or both. The other half weren’t. Over the course of the study, which lasted four years, the men taking the aspirin fared better.

Taking aspirin and/or NSAIDs was associated with a 13 percent lower risk of developing prostate cancer. Even more promising according to your urologist Des Moines, is the fact that the OTC meds were linked to a 17 percent reduction in the odds of contracting aggressive prostate cancer.

Past research has indicated a similar link between aspirin and the prevention of other types of cancer. A 2010 study found that taking at least 75 milligrams of aspirin per day, over a period of five years, significantly reduced the risk of colon cancer.

Talk to your urologist Des Moines before adding aspirin to your medication regimen, especially if you’re already at high risk for prostate cancer. Risk factors include age, race/ethnicity, family history, obesity, and smoking.

Don’t hesitate – call the office of urologist Des Moines Dr. Fawad Zafar today to schedule a consultation.

From pills to surgery, there is an array of options to give your sex drive a little boost. Sexual problems such as a low libido, the inability to keep an erection, or the inability to orgasm, may be lessened through medications, but healthy lifestyle choices like a good diet, exercise, and reduced stress can improve sexual functioning in both men and women. Urologist Des Moines Dr. Fawad Zafar advises his patients to avoid these six bad habits that can silently be killing your sex drive.

1. Binge Drinking: While alcohol may make some people more social, and lowering inhibitions, it can ironically, impair your performance in the bedroom. Although a little alcohol can ignite desire, too much will take away your ability to perform. Alcohol inhibits erections making them slower to rise, while vaginas are slower to lubricate.

2. Bad Posture: In this digital age, it comes as no surprise that society has assumed sedentary behaviors that have led to the development of bad habits. Spending an average of nine hours staring at screens from computers to smartphones can jeopardize not only your spine, but also your sex drive. According to your urologist Des Moines, bad posture can lead to shallow breathing, which exacerbates feelings of stress, and depletes energy levels, affecting your libido.

3. Being Overweight: This condition has been linked to cardiovascular complications, low self-esteem, and poor body image, and it can negatively impact your sex drive from a psychological standpoint. Excess weight also drags down a man’s sex life by affecting the health of his blood vessels.

4. Poor Teeth: A good reason to brush and floss your teeth daily is your sex life. Patients – especially men with gum disease – are more likely to have erectile dysfunction, according to your urologist Des Moines. Prolonged chronic inflammation, as observed in men with gum disease, has the ability to damage blood vessels, leading to impotence.

5. Smoking: Lighting up a cigarette a day can impact not only on your lungs, but also your sex life. It can cause the arteries to narrow, resulting in and obstruction of the blood flow to the penis. The damage that smoking has on the blood vessels, and its effect on sexual performance can be permanent.

6. Stress: When people are stressed, their body produces more cortisol, which can negatively affect weight, blood pressure, cholesterol, and sleep patterns. Stress can also be a psychological cause for low sex drive, especially in women.

Urologist Des Moines Dr. Fawad Zafar suggests avoiding these bad habits to effectively boost your performance in the bedroom.

According to urologist Des Moines Dr. Fawad Zafar, there are effective treatment options available for women with urinary incontinence that don’t involve medication or surgery. These options include exercises to strengthen the pelvic floor muscles, bladder training and weight loss could help.

Women who suffer from stress urinary incontinence have problems holding in urine when they laugh, cough or sneeze. Your urologist Des Moines recommends performing Kegel exercises to strengthen the muscles that control the flow of urine.

Urgency urinary incontinence causes women to feel the need to urinate and leak urine suddenly for no obvious reason. Dr. Zafar reports that bladder training can help women with this condition. Behavioral therapy involves going to the bathroom on a predetermined schedule while slowly increasing the intervals between urination over a period of time.

Women who suffer from more than one form of urinary incontinence can try a combination of Kegel exercises and bladder training, according to your urologist Des Moines.

If bladder training doesn’t rectify the condition, urologists should prescribe a medication based on a woman’s individual needs and how well she tolerates it.

Additionally, the symptoms of obese women with urinary incontinence may get better with weight loss and exercise.

Statistics show that urinary incontinence increases with age, affecting almost 60 percent of women between the ages of 40 and 60, and 75% of women aged 75 and older. Experts suggest that many more women may have the condition but remain undiagnosed because they haven’t reported their symptoms to their urologist.

If you are suffering from the symptoms of urinary incontinence and would like to discuss treatment options, call the office of urologist Des Moines Dr. Fawad Zafar today to schedule a consultation.

Urologist Des Moines Dr. Fawad Zafar frequently gets questions from his patients regarding erectile dysfunction. Although as a society we too often rush to take a pill at the first sign of a problem, it is important to know when drugs might be a viable option.

Most men in their 50s and older typically don’t have the same sex drive and stamina that they may have had when they were in their 20s and 30s. This is due in part to the natural aging process, which affects not just testosterone levels, but overall health and wellbeing, both physically and psychologically.

Even if you are in perfect physical health with no chronic medical problems and perfect behavioral health with no anxiety or depression, your ability to obtain and sustain an erection is diminished as you age. Some men may experience this less frequently than others, but generally speaking this is an expected consequence of getting older.

How Medications Work?

Medications that increase blood flow to the penis during sex include Viagra, Cialis and Levitra. According to your urologist Des Moines, this type of medication can help you get an erection, but may not otherwise affect the quality or quantity of your sexual activity. And this is normally sufficient for most men!

Down Side?

The down side, however, is that these medications can interact with other certain medications, such as the protease inhibitor in patients being treated for HIV infection, as well as some blood pressure and heart medications. Potential irritating and/or potentially serious side effects reported by your urologist Des Moines include low blood pressure that can lead to fainting, headache, flushing, visual changes, and prolonged and painful erection that lasts several hours.

So are you a candidate for erectile dysfunction medications? It depends on your overall health and medications that you currently take.

If you’re interested in finding out if you’re a candidate for erectile dysfunction medications, call the office or urologist Des Moines Dr. Fawad Zafar today to schedule a confidential consultation.

According to urologist Des Moines Dr. Fawad Zafar, men who consume in excess of 10 portions of tomatoes per week have an 18% lower risk of developing prostate cancer.

To assess if following dietary and lifestyle recommendations reduces risk of prostate cancer, researchers examined the diets and lifestyle of over 1,800 men between the ages of 50 and 69 who had prostate cancer and compared them with some 12,000 cancer-free men.

This was the first study of its kind used in the development of a prostate cancer dietary index consisting of dietary components—selenium, calcium, and foods rich in lycopene—that have been associated with prostate cancer.

Your urologist Des Moines reported that research showed that men who had optimal intake of these three dietary components had a lower risk of prostate cancer.


What does the Study Suggest?

Tomatoes and tomato products, including tomato juice and baked beans, were shown to be most beneficial, resulting in an 18% reduction in risk found in men who consumed over 10 portions per week. It is believed that this reduction is linked to lycopene, an antioxidant that fights off toxins that can cause DNA and cell damage.

Although findings suggest that tomatoes may be important in prostate cancer prevention, further studies need to be conducted to confirm the findings, especially through human trials. Men should still eat a wide variety of fruits and vegetables, maintain a healthy weight, and stay active.

If you are interested in way to reduce your risk of prostate cancer, call the office of urologist Des Moines Dr. Fawad Zafar today to schedule a consultation.

According to urologist Des Moines Dr. Fawad Zafar, researchers from Harvard School of Public Health found that vasectomy is associated with a small increased risk of prostate cancer, and a larger increased risk for advanced or lethal prostate cancer.

Prostate cancer is the second leading cause of death among American men and approximately 15 percent of American men have had a vasectomy.

The New York Times wrote that earlier studies suggested that a link may exist between vasectomies and prostate cancer. Yet many experts rejected the idea saying that men who have vasectomies may receive more medical care and therefore may be more likely to be diagnosed.

Researchers analyzed data from the Health Professionals Follow-Up Study, which observed almost 50,000 American men for up to 24 years between the years of 1986 and 2010. During that time, just over 6,000 cases of prostate cancer were diagnosed, including over 800 lethal cases. One in four of the men reported having a vasectomy.

The team found a 10 percent overall increased risk of prostate cancer in those men who had a vasectomy, but no association between a vasectomy and low-grade cancers was found.

Among men who received regular PSA screening from their urologist Des Moines, the comparative increase in risk of lethal prostate cancer was over 50 percent. The effect appeared to be higher among men who had a vasectomy at a younger age.

The reason for the increase is unclear, but some experts speculate that immunological changes, abnormal cell growth or hormonal imbalances after a vasectomy may also affect prostate cancer risk.

In the study, researchers had access to varied information and ruled out potential biases, including the possibilities that men who have vasectomies seek more medical care in or have higher rates of PSA screening, The association may also be compelled by differences in sex hormone levels, sexually transmitted infections or cancer treatment.

According to your urologist Des Moines, a vasectomy does not increase the risk for prostate cancer over all and we’re really seeing the association only for advanced state and lethal cancers.

Several urologists have said that a significant amount of research is necessary to determine the accuracy of the findings.

If you have questions regarding the effects of a vasectomy Des Moines residents rely on Dr. Fawad Zafar. Don’t wait – call today to schedule an appointment to have your questions answered.

Urologist Des Moines Dr. Fawad Zafar finds this to be a regular occurrence. A professional man, between the ages of 30 and 70, arrives in his office to discuss erectile dysfunction, confused because it’s never happened before.

During the discussion he discovers that the man is facing some sort of difficulty at work. And according to your urologist Des Moines, job strain can have a seriously detrimental effect on one’s sex life.

Whatever the source, problems at work often lead to problems in the bedroom. That’s when it’s time to go and see a urologist Des Moines because sex is not only good for your emotional well-being — it’s also really good for your health.

So how does job pressure affect one’s sex life?

First, we must recognize that loss of libido and erectile dysfunction are very common, and become more common as we get older. In varying degrees of severity, sexual dysfunction will affect close to 20% of middle-aged men when they reach their 50s.

The increasing intensity of our careers, along with technology that keeps us just one click away from checking in on work, also plays a role. One study investigating the link between job stress and sex revealed that longer working hours and the pressure to do more in less time had a significant

And the danger here isn’t just a loss of the health benefits of regular and rigorous sex, as a harmful spiral can result. To prevent this downward spiral, your urologist Des Moines talks to his patients about the various issues that are causing their stress. Sometimes simply helping patients understand the association between stress and sexual difficulties can provide some peace of mind. It reassures them their problems likely aren’t permanent.

So if you’re heading into a more demanding time in your career, consider addressing any potential intimacy problems in advance. Research shows that men who have regular intimate relationships with their partners are better able to withstand the effects of job tension on their sex lives.

If you’re experiencing intimacy problems – don’t hesitate – call the office of urologist Des Moines Dr. Fawad Zafar today to schedule a consultation.

According to urologist Des Moines Dr. Fawad Zafar, if you’re not paying attention to — and acting on — any changes in your urination habits, you’re not being very smart.

If you are experiencing any of the following, you need to see your urologist Des Moines:

  • A weak urine stream;
  • A sensation like urination is incomplete;
  • An increase in the number of times you wake up to use the bathroom at night;
  • Your urine turns a pinkish-reddish color.

All these conditions are things you need to discuss with your urologist, even if the symptoms seem like they are fading or disappear completely, because they could signal a health problem.

Men are often reluctant to see an urologist when they notice a change in their bathroom habits, but it’s important for men to deal with prostate and other urologic issues sooner than later. Their symptoms may disappear over time, but the underlying cause of the issues may still be present.

For example, blood in the urine may indicate kidney stones, a urine infection or an early warning sign for cancer, especially bladder and kidney cancer. Meanwhile, other urination changes can signal prostate problems such as enlargement, infection and cancer. An enlarged prostate can also cause difficulty with urination and emptying of the bladder.

Bacterial infections are characterized by sudden symptoms such as frequent urination, pain in the bladder and pelvis and sometimes chills and fever, but they can be cured with antibiotics.

Chronic infection is marked by chronic inflammation of the prostate gland and symptoms vary but can include pain in the pelvic region (including the penis and testicles), frequent and urgent urination and burning with urination. Your urologist Des Moines can help you decide the best management approach.

It’s important that you have a prostate cancer screening at age 55 or earlier if you have any risk factors such as race or family history. Going forward, you should get screened every one to two years, depending on your urologist’s recommendation.

Urologist Des Moines Dr. Fawad Zafar often hears men say that they’re confused about prostate cancer screenings or are simply unaware of their importance but that couldn’t be further from the truth. Screening provides a peace of mind, knowing they are fine. For others, it can mean finding prostate cancer early enough to be cured.

If you are in need of prostate screening, call the office of urologist Des Moines Dr. Fawad Zafar today to schedule an appointment.

Believe it or not, according to urologist Des Moines Dr. Fawad Zafar, there are certain foods that can affect your sex life in a positive way. Intrigued? Read on for more information.

Cranberries: Cranberry juice is full of vitamin B that is necessary for hormone balance and vitamin C, and it’s thought to help with healthy sperm function.

Brussel sprouts: While you may not consider them to be the tastiest of foods, they contain a compound that reduces oestrogen levels in the body, giving men a great libido boost.

Coffee with nutmeg: Your urologist Des Moines recommends adding a pinch of nutmeg to your morning coffee. Nutmeg is said to be an aphrodisiac, which stimulates nerve cells and blood circulation to boost sexual desire.

Oatmeal with flaxseed and nuts: Oatmeal contains a nutrient that keeps a healthy supply of testosterone (a libido-booster) in your system. Flaxseeds also help sustain a good testosterone level, and they contain a rich supply of lignans, which guards against vaginal dryness. Walnuts, pine nuts and almonds contain an amino acid that increases blood flow to the genitals, enhancing arousal and orgasms.

Pumpkin seeds: These seeds are loaded with zinc, which elevates the female sex drive and omega 3 fatty acids, which keep your libido healthy.

Salmon and asparagus: Salmon is rich in omega-3 fatty acids, and because it is essential for good blood circulation, it’s must for maintaining erections and improving clitoral stimulation. And your urologist Des Moines says that adding a little asparagus will help maintain levels of sexual hormones in your body such as, testosterone, oestrogen, and progesterone, all of which help stimulate sexual responses like vaginal lubrication and clitoral swelling.

Pomegranate juice: A glass per day of fresh juice from this super-food will help battle erectile dysfunction. It’s also high in antioxidants that help prevent free radical molecules from disrupting blood circulation to your genitals.

Watermelon: This sweet fruit contains an amino acid that helps dilate blood vessels and increases blood flow to the genitals.

Sweet potatoes: Packed with potassium, sweet potatoes help fight high blood pressure, which is associated with a higher risk of erectile dysfunction. They’re also rich in vitamin A, which is said to help boost fertility in men and women.

Chocolate-dipped bananas: Bananas are rich in potassium, an essential nutrient for muscle strength, which can mean stronger muscle contractions during orgasm. They’re also loaded with things that are good for the libido such as, B vitamins and magnesium, and dipping them in chocolate releases endorphins and leads to feelings of increased excitement.

Have you had a consultation with your urologist Des Moines Dr. Fawad Zafar lately? Don’t wait…schedule an appointment today.




According to Urologist Des Moines Dr. Fawad Zafar, new studies show that prostate cancer among young men has increased six-fold during the past 20-year period. Even scarier, the disease is spreading faster and proving to be deadlier in men under the age of 55 compared to men in their 70s and 80s.

The type of prostate cancer younger men are contracting seems to be more aggressive than the ‘typical’ prostate cancer, which often grows slowly and is typically not life-threatening.

Urologists aren’t really certain why cases of this type of prostate cancer are on the increase. According to your urologist Des Moines, one theory is that screening for prostate cancer has been improved, meaning that since more young men are getting screenings, more cancers are being detected at an earlier stage. But this new data also proposes that these screenings are not the reason for the increase in cancer cases, while at the same time, researchers aren’t sure what is.

The fact that prostate cancer is more aggressive in young men has experts puzzled too. The fact remains that these younger men, who account for 10 percent of all prostate cancer cases, can surely die from the disease if it’s not identified in its early stages.

This information contradicts what has been published in the press lately — that men no longer need to be concerned about prostate cancer. While many older men develop prostate cancer that’s not life-threatening, young men with an aggressive form of the disease need to have it diagnosed early so that your urologist Des Moines can offer interventions to save lives.

One thing is for sure – males with a family history of prostate cancer are at a much higher risk of contracting the disease themselves. Researchers say that these men are two to three times more likely to be diagnosed with prostate cancer, and the risk is even greater for men who have had multiple relatives affected by the disease.

While the PSA tests aren’t perfect, they can still prove to be life-saving. It can still be a helpful test when it’s coupled with a rectal exam and with a skeptical and educated understanding.

Don’ take chances! If you are at risk for prostate cancer – regardless of your age – call the office of urologist Des Moines today to schedule a consultation!


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